The Basics |
On-Campus Employment |
Off-Campus Employment |
Economic Necessity |
Curricular Practical Training |
Optional Practical Training |
H1-B | Academic Training
Work Permission: Off-Campus Employment
For F1 students, there are two ways to get an off-campus job.
Economic Necessity Work Permission (F-1 & J-1)
You can seek a work permit from the INS allowing you to work off-campus
if you experience "severe economic hardship caused by unforeseen circumstances
beyond [your] control."
- You must have completed one full academic year (nine months) and be
in good academic standing.
- You must get a recommendation from a designated school official in
favor of work authorization.
- You must complete an elaborate application form - with supporting
documentation (for example, proof of a substantial change in the value of your
country's currency, the loss of a graduate assistantship, or unexpected
- You are not required to have a job offer.
- The type of work is also not limited to your field of studies.
- You may work up to 20 hours per week during the semester, and full-time
during summer vacation or school breaks, if you are regeitered for the next
Economic necessity work permission is difficult to obtain, since as an
international student, you must have proven that you are in good financial
standing before obtaining your student visa. Also, if you travel outside the
U.S. after this work permission has been approved, the INS will require a new
I-20 to be issued to show the change in your financial resources.
You are eligible to work off-campus for a period of up to twelve months
in order to enrich your educational program. The work must be related to your
major field of study and appropriate for your level of education. This means
that an English major cannot apply for practical training in order to work as
a computer programmer.
There are two types of practical training, and a related academic training
program. Click on each to learn more:
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